NCERT Solutions Class 6 Civics Chapter 9

NCERT Solutions Class 6 Civics Chapter 9

Urban Livelihoods

1. Read and discuss the following description of the living conditions of workers who come to the
labour chowk.
Most workers that we find at the labour chowk cannot afford permanent accommodation and so sleep on pavements near the chowk, or they pay Rs 6 a night for a bed at a nearby night shelter run by the Municipal Corporation. To compensate for the lack of security, local tea and cigarette shops function  as banks, moneylenders and safety lockers, all rolled into one. Most workers leave their tools at these shops for the night for safekeeping, and pass on any extra money to them. The shopkeepers keep the money safely and also offer loans to labourers in need.

Answer
Living condition of workers who came to the labour chowk:
(i) Workers are living in the harsh condition and suffering from lack of basic facilities and security.
(ii) The workers at labour chowk find out regular jobs but do not have permanent jobs.
(iii) They do not have permanent shelter so sleep on pavements or in paid shelter of Municipal corporation.
(iv) The protection of their money and tools are provided by the local tea and cigarettes shops in an unorganised manner.
(v) Labourers also took loans from these shops.

2. Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different:

Answer

Name - Place of work - Earnings - Security of work - Benefits received - Work on their own or employed

Bachchu Manjhi - Cycle-Rickshaw - Puller - Rs 100 a day No Security No benefits received - Work on their own

Harpreet,Vandana - Garments showroom - Good earning - Yes, licence to do business - Growth in business - Work on their own

Nirmala - Garment Factory - Rs 80 a day for eight hours and Rs 40 extra for working late. - No security - Rs 40 for overtime - work Employed

Sudha - Company - Rs 30,000 p.m. - Secured - Medical facilities, Paid holidays, Saving for old age  and many benefits. - Employed

3. In what ways is a permanent and regular job different from a casual job? Discuss.
Answer

Permanent Job - Regular Job
Job Security - No job security
Fixed working hour - No fixed working hour
Fixed payments - No fixed payments
Paid holidays and leave - No paid holidays and leave
Extra benefits - No extra benefits

4. What benefits does Sudha get along with her salary?

Answer
Sudha get different benefits along with her salary:
(i) Savings for old age: A part of her salary is kept in fund with government on which she gets
interest and retirement.
(ii) Holidays: She doesn't have to work on Sundays and national holidays. She also get some
annual leave.
(iii) Medical facilities: She get paid leave for illness and free treatment. Her family get paid
medical facilities up to certain amount by the company.
(iv) Job security: She also have the permanent job and security of it.

5. Fill in the following table to show the services provided by people in the markets which
you visit frequently.

Name of the shop or office Nature of the service provided

Answer

Name of the shop or office  - Nature of the service provided
ABC Kirana Store - Provide rations and daily needs items.
Siffy net connection - Provide internet facility to home.
Zee cable operators - Dish and cable TV supply
Amul Milk Shop - Home delivery of milk and its products

NCERT Solutions