Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Components of Food

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2. Components of Food.

Components of Food

1. Name the major nutrients in our food.
The major nutrients in our food are Carbohydrates, proteins, Fats, Vitamins and minerals.

2. Name the following:
(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.
► Carbohydrates and fats
(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
► Proteins and minerals
(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.
► Vitamin A
(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.
► Calcium

3. Name two foods each rich in:
(a) Fats
► Mustard oil and Meat
(b) Starch
► Rice and Mango
(c) Dietary fibre
► Pulses and Potato
(d) Protein
► Gram and Milk

4. Tick (✓) the statements that are correct.
(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill the nutritional requirement in our body. ( )
► (✘)
(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )
► (✓)
(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ( )
► (✓)
(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )
► (✘)

5. Fill in the blanks:
(a) _________ is caused by the deficiency of vitamin D.
► Rickets
(b) Deficiency of _________ causes a disease known as beri-beri.
► Vitamin B1
(c) Deficiency of vitamin C causes a disease known as _________.
► Scurvy
(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of _________ in our food.
► Vitamin A

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