Class 7 Civics Chapter 3

How the State Government Works


1. Use the terms 'constituency' and 'represent' to explain who an MLA is and how is the person

elected?
Answer
MLA is the members of the legislative assembly who represent people and also form the
government.
(i) Each state has a legislative assembly.
(ii) Each state is divided into different areas or constituencies.
(iii) From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of
the Legislative Assembly (MLA).
(iv) MLA is elected by the people who contest in election by voting.

2. How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.
Answer
(i) After the elections, a political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of
constituencies in a state became the ruling party.
(ii) The MLAs belonging to the ruling party will elect their leader who will become the chief
minister.
(iii) The chief minister then selects other people as ministers.
(iv) The Governor of the state then appoints the chief minister and other ministers.

3. Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the
Legislative Assembly?
Answer
(i) In a democratic government, participant is important from each and every section.
(ii) Thus, whatever decisions are being taken have to be approved by the members of the
legislative assembly.
(iii) These members then ask questions, debate an important issue, decide where money should
be spent, etc.
(iv) After that, they have the main authority to finalize the decision.

4. What was the problem in Patalpuram? What discussion/action was taken by the following?
Fill in the table.
Public meeting
Legislative Assembly
Press conference
Chief Minister
Answer
Main problem in Patalpuram:
(i) Lack of proper sanitation and hygiene.
(ii) Scarcity of clean drinking water.
(iii) Not proper medical facilities.
(iv) Spread of diarrohea.
Discussion/action was taken by the following:
Public meeting: Demand for the improvement of the healthcare and sanitation facilities from the
officials.
Legislative Assembly: intend to supply drinking water to every village through tanker trucks and
also explained the steps the government had taken. Collection of garbage.
Press conference: Organised by the health minister. Newspapers and the media widely discuss
the issue and the government has to respond by holding press conference.
Chief Minister: Visited Patalpuram district. They went to visit the families who had lost their
relatives and also visited people in the hospitals. Promised funds for the works and also planned
to start a campaign to inform people.

5. What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?
Answer
(i) Act of making laws on certain issues is done by MLAs in the Legislative Assembly of each
state while the implementation of these laws is done by various government departments.
(ii) Whatever work is done by these government departments has to be approved by the members
of the legislative assembly or MLAs.

NCERT Solutions