Class 7 Civics Chapter 8

Markets Around Us


1. In what ways is a hawker different from a shop owner?

Answer
Hawker Shop Owner
(i) Do not have permanent shops.
(i) Have permanent shops.
(ii) Generally sells non branded items, fruits, vegetables, cutlery etc.
(ii) Sells branded as well as non branded items.
(iii) Don't have expenses like electricity bills, rents, workers etc.
(iii) Have expenses like electricity bills, rents, workers etc.
(iv) Sells products at cheaper rate.
(iv) Sells cheaper as well as costlier products.

2. Compare and contrast a weekly market and a shopping complex on the following:
Market - Kind of goods sold - Prices of goods - Sellers - Buyers
Weekly market - Shopping complex
Answer
Market - Kind of goods sold - Prices of goods - Sellers - Buyers

Weekly market - Non branded, Compromised quality - Cheaper - Small investors, Local - Locals, Low income, Poors

Shopping complex - Branded, Good quality - Costlier - International companies, Big investors -
People from big cities, High income, Rich

3. Explain how a chain of markets is formed. What purpose does it serve?
Answer
Chain of markets is a series of markets that are connected like links in a chain because products
pass from one market to another.
(i) Vegetables are produced on farms.
(ii) The vegetable wholesale trader buys goods in large quantities.
(iii) These will then be sold to other traders.
(iv) Retailers took these vegetables to the market where consumer buy these.
Purpose it serve:
(i) Consumer can easily buy goods of far off places in the local markets.
(ii) Factories and producers need not to find their consumer directly.
(iii) It encourages production and new opportunities are created for people to earn.
(iv) Provides employment to the large numbers of people.

4. 'All persons have equal rights to visit any shop in a marketplace.’ Do you think this is true of
shops with expensive products? Explain with examples.
Answer
All persons have equal rights to visit any shop in a marketplace but this is however not true for
shops with expensive products. For example:
(i) Big commercial shops don't allow the poor people to enter their shops sometimes. They
considered them as inferior and thought as not able to buy their products.
(ii) People from lower income group cannot afford to buy branded products and hesitate to enter
the shop.

5. 'Buying and selling can take place without going to a marketplace.' Explain this statement with the help of examples.
Answer
(i) Buying and selling can take place without going to a marketplace as there are many e-
commerce companies providing home delivery for free.
(ii) People can order products from these companies and get it delivered to their home without
visiting the market.
(iii) Some local shops also provide order on phone facility and people can order their good just
by a call.
(iv) Plastic money and internet banking made it easier to provide alternate source of payment for
buying from the virtual market.

NCERT Solutions