Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 Human Environment Settlement Transport and Communication

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 Human Environment - Settlement,Transport and Communication.

1. Answer the following questions.
(i) What are the four means of transport?
Answer
The four means of transport are:
(i) Roadways
(ii) Airways
(iii) Waterways
(iv) Railways

(ii) What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’?
Answer
Settlements are places where people build their homes which can be permanent or temporary.

(iii) Which are the activities practised by the rural people?
Answer
The activities practised by the rural people are agriculture, fishing, forestry, crafts work and
trading etc.

(iv) Mention any two merits of railways.
Answer
Two merits of railways are:
(i) It can carry heavy goods and people over long distances quickly.
(ii) It is cheaperand hence economical.

(v) What do you understand by communication?
Answer
Communication is the process of conveying messages to others.

(vi) What is mass media?
Answer
The communication by which a large number of audience can be reached at the same time is
called mass media. It consists of newspaper, telivisions, radio etc.

2. Tick the correct answer.

(i) Which is NOT a means of communication?
(a) telephone (b) books (c) table
✓ (c) table

(ii) Which type of road is constructed under the ground?
(a) fly over (b) expressways (c) subways
✓ (c) subways

(iii) Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?
(a) ship (b) train (c) car
✓ (a) ship

(iv) Which vehicle does not pollute the environment
(a) cycle (b) bus (c) aeroplane
✓ (a) cycle

3. Match the following.
(i) Internet (a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade and services
(ii) Canal route (b) closely built area of houses
(iii) Urban areas (c) houses on stilts
(iv) Compact settlement (d) inland waterway
- (e) a means of communication

Answer
(i) Internet (e) a means of communication
(ii) Canal route (d) inland waterway
(iii) Urban areas (a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade and services
(iv) Compact settlement(b) closely built area of houses

4. Give reasons.
(i) Today’s world is shrinking.
Answer
Today’s world is shrinking because of globalization and improved means of transportation and
communication. Due to improved communication system, we can talk or get connected with
each other in the world at any any time by internet, phones etc. Also, the news from all over the
world can be known by sitting at one place. We can reach opposite corners of the world in no
time due to improved means of transportation. Globalization of markets added flavour to it. That
is why the world has now became small villa or get shrink.

NCERT Solutions

CBSE Educational Study Material.